第一篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Part I Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Graduate School or Work? You should write at least 120 words following the instructions given below in Chinese:


Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer sheet1.

Why We Laugh

We start finding things laughable ― or not laughable ― early in life. An infant first smiles at approximately eight days of age. Many psychologists assume this is his first sign of simple pleasure― food, warmth and comfort. At six months or less, the infant laughs to express complex pleasures―such as the light of Mother"s smiling face. Between the ages of six months and one year, the baby learns to laugh for essentially the same reasons he will laugh throughout his life, says Dr. Jacob Levine, associate professor of psychology at Yale University. Dr. Levine says that people laugh to express mastery over an anxiety. Picture what happens when a father throws his child into the air. The child will probably laugh―but not the first time. In spite of his enjoyment of “flying”, he is too anxious to laugh. How does he know Daddy will catch him? Once the child realizes he will be caught, he is free to enjoy the game. But more importantly, says Dr. Levine, the child laughs because he has mastered an anxiety.

Adult laughter is more subtle, but we also laugh at what we used to fear. The feeling of achievement, or lack of it, remains a crucial factor. Giving a first dinner party is an anxious event for a new bride. Will the food be good? Will the guests get along? Will she be a good hostess? Will the knives and forks, cups and saucers be all right? All goes well; the party is over. Now she laughs freely. Her pleasure from having proved her success is the foundation for her pleasure in recalling the evening activities. She couldn"t enjoy the second pleasure without the first, more important one―her mastery of anxiety.

Laughter is a social response triggered by cues. Scientists have not determined a brain center for laughter, and they are perplexed by patients with certain types of brain damage who go into laughing fits for no apparent reason. The rest of us require company, and a reason to laugh.

When we find ourselves alone in a humorous situation, our usual response is to smile. Isn"t it hue that our highest compliment to a humorous book is to say that “it made me laugh out of loud”? Of course, we do occasionally laugh alone; but when we do, we are, in a sense, socializing with ourselves. We laugh at a memory, or at a part of ourselves.

Of course, we don"t always need a joke to make us laugh. People who survive frightening situations, such as a fire or an emergency plane landing, frequently relate their story of the crisis with laughter. Part of the laughter express relief that everything is now all right. During a crisis, definitely, everyone mobilizes energy to deal with the potential problem. If the danger is avoided, we need to release that energy. Some people cry; others laugh.

When we are made the target of a joke, either on a personal or impersonal level, we are emotionally involved in it. Consequently, we won"t be able to laugh.

Knowing that laughter blunts emotion, we can better understand why we sometimes laugh when nothing is funny. We laugh during moments of anxiety because we feel no mastery over the situation, claims Dr. Levine. He explains, “very often compulsive laughter is a learned response. If we laugh, it expresses good feelings and the fact that we are able to cope. When we"re in a situation in which we can"t cope, we laugh to reassure ourselves that we can!”

How often have we laughed at a funeral or upon hearing bad news? We laugh to deny an unendurable reality until we are strong enough to accept it. Laughter also breaks our tension. However, we may also be laughing to express relief that the tragedy didn"t happen to us. We laugh before giving a big party, before delivering a speech, or while getting a traffic ticket, to say, “This isn"t bothering me. See? I am laughing.”

But if we sometimes laugh in sorrow, more often we laugh with joy. Laughter creates and strengthens our social

bonds. And the ability to share a laugh has guided many marriages through hard periods of adjustment.

How could we manage a life with the absence of laugh? According to Dr. Levine, we can measure our adjustment to the world by our capacity to laugh. When we are secure about our abilities, we can laugh at the defects of our own character. If we can laugh through our anxieties, we will not be overpowered by them.

The ability to laugh starts early, but it takes a lifetime to perfect. Says Dr. Grotjahn, “when social relationships are mastered, when the individual has mastered...a peaceful relationship with himself, then he has...the sense of humor.” And then he can throw back his head and laugh. Both infants and adults laugh for the same reasons.

1. Giving your first dinner party is a source of laughter.

2. The cues that trigger laughter have been studied by scientists. 3. Ordinary people laugh a lot when they are alone.

4. If you escape from a dangerous situation you might cry.

5. When someone makes a joke about us we are able to share to joke. 6. Funerals are a good source of jokes.

7. It takes a lifetime to perfect the ability to laugh.

8. Laughter is a defense mechanism when reality is too hard or if we hear______.

9. A child of one and an old man laugh to show their______ of anxiety.

10. Laughter is a social glue that______ our relations.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Andrew Carnegie, known as the King of Steel, built the steel industry in the United States. And in this process, he became one of the (47) men in America. His success resulted in part from his ability to sell the product and in part from his policy of (48) during periods of economic decline, when most of his competitors were reducing their (49) .

Carnegie believed that individuals should progress through hard work, but he also felt strongly that the wealthy should use their (50) for the benefit of society. He opposed charity, (51) instead to provide educational opportunities that would allow others to (52) themselves.

Among his more (53) contributions to society are those that bear his name, including the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, which has a library, a museum of fine arts, and a museum of national history. He also founded a school of technology that is (54) part of Carnegie-Mellon University. Other philanthropic gifts are the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to (55) understanding between nations, and the Carnegie Institute of Washington to fund scientific research.

There are (56) Americans who have been left untouched by Andrew Carnegie"s generosity. His contributions of more than five million dollars established 2,500 libraries in small communities throughout the country and formed the nucleus of the public library system that we all enjoy today.

A) preferring

B) presently

C) wealthiest

D) previously

E) few

F) investments

G) fortune

H) expanding

I) noteworthy

J) promote

K) help

L) shrinking

M) opting

N) obstruct

O) many

Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A]、[B]、[C] and [D]. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Examinations have a longer history in China than in any other country, yet it is today an issue around in which controversy flourishes. At each stage of their school lives children are faced with exams: exams to enter junior middle school, senior middle school, vocational school, colleges and universities. As a result of having constantly to think of these hurdles facing them children find themselves under constant pressure, unable to take time off from studying exam-oriented subjects to relax with friends or to develop other interests. Within school the concentration on exam success leads to the neglect of courses which are not central to the examinations and a method of teaching and learning which emphasizes training the ability to do well in tests but neglects developing the ability to think creatively.

Despite such criticisms the examination system still has its defenders. Without it, they argue, how can we test students" abilities and evaluate the effectiveness of teachers and schools? They believe that they provide the only objective way of selecting students and reduce the exercise of unfair back-door practices to gain advantage for children on the basis of influence or corruption. Examinations are also felt to offer the impetus to students to master their subject in a way in which they otherwise might not. “While too much anxiety can be a bad thing, a little anxiety can stimulate students to learn better than if left without any test to pass,” says Li Jie, a leading advocate of the value of testing. “I can remember things now which give me great pleasure which I doubt I would have learned at the time if I had not had to do so for the examinations.”

57. Which of the following statements about examinations in China is correct?

[A] People can make money out of examinations.

[B] Only students of today have to take examinations.

[C] Students have to learn more about history than about any other subjects.

[D] People have different opinions concerning the value of examinations.

58. What is a possible result if students pay too much attention to examinations?

[A] Students neglect those exam-oriented subjects.

[B] Students are unable to relax with friends or to develop other interests.

[C] Teachers neglect the training of the students" ability to do well in tests.

[D] Students only pay attention to the development of their ability to think creatively.

59. Which of the following has NOT been mentioned as the advantage of examinations?

[A] Examinations are the only objective way of selecting students.

[B] Examinations are the only objective way to eliminate the problem of corruption.

[C] Examinations can tell us that too much anxiety can be a bad thing.

[D] Examinations can better stimulate students to study.

60. According to the passage, why are some people against exams?

[A] They are meaningless. [B] They will make students learn something useless.

[C] They are believed to cause stress for the students. [D] They are not related to the reality of life.

61. Which of the following is an acceptable summary of the organization of this passage?

[A] Discussing a problem in education. [B] Refuting a long held opinion.

[C] Persuading people to believe an idea. [D] Presenting a controversial issue and arguments from both sides.

第二篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Part one Writing

Directions : For this part , you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Sounds in three paragraphs You have been given the first sentence of each paragraph .You should write at least 100 words .


1)The world is filled with many sounds _____________

2)Some sounds are useful __________

3)But some sounds are harmful _________

Part threeReading Comprehension ( 35 minutes )

Directions : There are 4 passages in this part .Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements .For each of them there are four choices marked A) , B) , C) , D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center .

Question 21 to 35 are based on the following passage .

The beat generation mainly referred to the youth who were born and brought up around the Second World War . They showed their disdain ( ) for almost everything traditional , such as government authority , respect for parents , one’s duty , moral standards , and traditional customs . They developed a kind of absolute individualism and liberty. They preferred long hair , minidresses or close-fitting clothes to show off the figure . They advocated freedom of sex and cohabitation ( ) . Their influence could be seen from the fact that about one third of the American couples living together were not married by law . And the divorce rate was very high . The endless U.S wars abroad and sharp class struggle at home caused many American youths to develop a kind of cynicism . They doubted the existing social system , possibility of harmonious human relations , and the long-honored standard for correct behavior . They felt society overlooked their needs . Therefore , they refused to do any duty that was required of them by society . They declared “Don’t believe anyone over thirty .” All this came from the sick society . It’s wrong to imagine they all fought against capitalism in support of revolutionary things . Some of their ideas were even more decadent and impractical . It was an abnormal phenomenon in an abnormal society.

21. Based on the passage , how many of one hundred and twenty American couples of the beat generation practiced cohabitation .

A)about 20 couples B) about 40 couples C) about 60 couples D) about 30 couples

22. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage ?

A)The beat generation refused to do any duty

B)The beat generation was in support of almost everything traditional .

C)The beat generation believes no one except that he is over thirty .

D)The beat generation’s ideas were not impractical .

23. “Cynicism” in this passage most probably means ______.

A)a state of mind against realism

B) a state of mind doubting everything in existence.

C)a theory advocating mutual help

D)a theory advocating individualism

24. The reason why the beat generation refused to cooperate with society was ____.

A) they had no interest B) they found hard to cooperation with it

C)the laws block their way to do so . D) they thought their need was neglected .

25. This passage is mainly about _____.

A)the young Americans B) the generation gap .

C)the education of the young D) an American social phenomenon

Question 26 to 30 are based on the following passage .

Tress should only be pruned when there is a good and clear reason for doing so and , the number of such reasons is small . Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches , and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from the tree to grow in its own way .

First , pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size . The object may be to get a tree of the right height , and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches , which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape . Secondly , pruning may be done to make the tree heavier . You may cut out diseased or dead wood , or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus cause wounds . The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing branches that are blocking up the center and so preventing the free movement of air . One result of pruning is that an open wound is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry for disease , but it is a wound that will heal . Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die , so that there is a period when the tree is at risk . It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce that risk of death as far as possible . It is essential to make the area , which has been pruned smooth , and clean , for healing will be slowed down by roughness . You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops especially for this purpose . Pruning is usually done in winter , for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without interference from the leaves and also it is very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed . If this does happen , it is , of course , impossible to paint them properly .

26. Pruning should be done to _____.

A)make the tree grow taller . B) does not protect them form the wind

C)get rid of the small branches D) make the small branches thicker .

27. Trees become unhealthy if the gardener_______

A)allows too many branches to grow in the middle

B)does not protect them from the wind

C)forces them grow too quickly

D)damages some of the small side branches.

28 . Why is a special substance painted on the tree ?

A)to make a wound smooth .

B)to prevent disease entering a wound .

C)to cover a rough surface .

D) to help a wound to dry .

29. A good gardener prunes tree ____

A) at intervals throughout the year

B) as quickly as possible

C) occasionally when necessary

D) regularly every winter

30 . What was the author’s purpose when writing this passage ?

A)to give practical instruction for pruning a tree

B)to give a gardener description of pruning

C)to explain how trees develop disease

D)to discuss different methods of pruning

Question 31 to 35 are based on the following passage .

On Thursday afternoon Mrs.Carke , dressed for going out , took her handbag with her money and her key in it , pulled the door behind her to lock it and went to the over 60s Club . She always went there on Thursdays . It was a nice outing for an old woman who lived alone .

At six o’clock she came home , let herself in and at once smelt cigarette smoke in her house ? How ? Had someone got in ? She checked the back door and the windows . All were locked or fastened , as usual . There was no sign of forced entry .

Over a cup of tea she wondered whether someone might have a key that fitted her front door-“a master key” perhaps . So she stayed at home the following Thursday .Nothing happened . Was anyone watching her movements ? On the Thursday after that she went out at her usual time , dressed as usual , but she didn’t go to the club . Instead she took a short cut home again , letting herself in through her garden and the back door . She settled down to wait .

It was just after four o’clock when the front door bell rang . Mrs.Clarke was making a cup of tea at the time . The bell rang again , and then she heard her letter-box being pushed open . With the kettle of boiling water in her hand , she moved quietly towards the front door . A long piece of wire appeared through the letter-box , and then a hand . The wire turned and caught around the knob on the door-lock Mrs.Clark raised the kettle and poured the water over the hand . These was a shout outside , and the skin seemed to drop off the fingers like a glove . The wire fell to the floor , the band was pulled back , and Mrs.Clarke heard the sound of running feet . 31.Mrs.Clarke looked forward to Thursday because ___________. A)She worked at a club on Thursday B) She had visitors on Thursday C) She visited a club on Thursday D) a special visitor came on Thursday

32. If someone had made a forced entry ______.

A)Mrs. Clarke would have found a broken door or window .

B)He or she was still in the house

C)Things would have been thrown about

D)He or she would have needed a master key

33.On the third Thursday Mrs. Clarke went out _____.

A)because she didn’t want to miss the club again

B)to see if the thief was hanging about outside

C)to the club but then changed her mind

D)in an attempt to trick the thief

34.The lock on the front door was one which _____.

A)needed a piece of wire to open it

B)could be opened from outside without a key

C) couldn’t be opened without a key

D) used a knob instead of a key

35. The wire fell to the floor _______.

A)because Mrs. Clarke refused to open the door

B) when the man’s glove dropped off

C) because it was too hot to hold

D) because the man just wanted to get away

Question 36 to 40 are based on the following passage .

Disney World , Florida , is the biggest amusement resort in the world . It covers 24.4 thousand acres , and is twice the size of Manhattan .It was opened on October 1 , 1971 , five years later Walt Disney’s death , and it is a larger , slightly more ambitious version of Disneyland near Los Angeles . Foreigners tend to associate Walt Disney with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , and with his other famous cartoon characters , Mickey Mouse , Donald Duck and Pluto , or with his nature films , whose superb photography is spoiled , in the opinion of some , by the vulgarity of the commentary and musical background .

There is very little that could be called vulgar in Disney World . It attracts people of most taste and most income groups , and people of all ages , from toddlers to grandpas . There are two expensive hotels , a golf course , and forest trails for horseback riding and rivers for canoeing . But the central attraction of the resort is the Magic Kingdom .

Between the huge parking lots and the Magic Kingdom lies a broad artificial lake . In the distance rise the towers of Cinderella’s Castle , which like every other building in the Kingdom is built of solid materials . Even getting to the Magic Kingdom’s is quite and adventure . You have a choice of transportation . You can either cross the lake on a replica of a Mississippi paddle-wheeler , or you can glide around the shore in a streamlined monorail train .

When you reach the terminal , you walk straight into a little square which faces Main Street is late 19th century . There are modern shops inside the buildings ,but all the decades are of the period . There are hanging baskets full of red and white flowers , and there is no traffic except a horse-draw streetcar and an ancient double-decider bus . Yet as you walk through the magic Kingdom , you are actually walking on top of a network of underground roads . This is how the shops , restaurants and all the other material needs of the Magic Kingdom are invisibly supplied .

36. In which year did Walt Disney die ?

A)1971 B)1976 C)1966 D)1900

37. The main attraction of Disney World is _____.

A)the Severn Dwarfs B) Mickey Mouse C) Donald Duck D) The Magic World

38. Reaching the Magic Kingdom is _______.

A)Adventurous B) dangerous C) difficult D) easy

39. When one visits the biggest amusement in the world , one will find _____.

A)it is relatively cheap B) it is very expensive C) it just wastes his time D) it is vulgar

40 .Why is Disney World the most famous amusement resort ?

A)It is funny B) It is interesting C) It is the biggest one D) It is the most expensive

第三篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter.


Preparing for Computer Disasters

A) Summary: When home office computers go down, many small businesses grind to a halt. Fortunately, taking steps to recover from disasters and minimize their effects is quite straightforward.

B) Fires, power surges, and floods, they"re all facts of life. We read about them in the morning paper and see them on the evening news. We sympathize with the victims and commiserate over their bad luck. We also shake our heads at the digital consequences―melted computers, system failures, destroyed data. Yet, somehow, many of us continue to live by that old mantra of denial: “It won"t happen to me.” Well, the truth is, at some point you"ll probably have to deal with at least one disaster. That"s just how it goes, and in most aspects of our lives we do something about it. We buy insurance. We stow away provisions. We even make disaster plans and run drills. But for some reason, computer disaster recovery is a blind spot for many of us. It shouldn"t be. Home computers contain some of our most important information, both business and personal, and making certain our data survives a disaster should be a priority. Moreover, even the smallest disaster can be a serious disruption. Personal computers have become an integral part of the smooth-running household. We use them to communicate, shop, and do homework, and they"re even more vital to home office users. When home office computers go down, many small businesses grind to a halt. Fortunately, taking steps to recover from disasters and minimize their effects is quite straightforward. With a good offsite storage plan and the right tools, you can bounce back quickly and easily from minor computer disasters. And, should a major calamity strike, you can rest assured your data is safe.

Offsite Storage: Major Disasters

C) House fires and floods are among the most devastating causes of personal computer destruction. That"s why a solid offsite backup and recovery plan is essential. Although many home users faithfully back up their hard drives, many would still lose all their data should their house flood our burn. That"s because they keep their backups in relatively close to their computers. Their backup disks might not be in the same room as their computers―tucked away in a closet or even the garage―but they"re not nearly far enough away should a serious disaster strike. So, it"s important to back up your system to a removable medium and to store it elsewhere.

D) There are many ways to approach offsite storage. It starts with choice of backup tools and storage medium. Disaster situations are stressful, and your recovery tools shouldn"t add to that stress. They must be dependable and intuitive, making it easy to schedule regular backups and to retrieve files in a pinch. They must also be compatible with your choice of backup medium. Depending on your tools, you can back up to a variety of durable disk types―from CDs to Jaz drives to remote network servers. Although many of these storage media have high capacity, a backup tool with compression capabilities is a big plus, eliminating the inconvenience of multiple disks or large uploads.

E) Once you select your tools and a suitable medium, you need to find a remote place to store your backups. The options are endless. However, no matter where you choose, be sure the site is secure, easily accessible, and a good distance away from your home. You may also want to consider using an Internet-based backup service. More and more service providers are offering storage space on their servers, and uploading files to a remote location has become an attractive alternative to conventional offsite storage. Of course, before using one of these services, make certain you completely trust the service provider and its security methods. Whatever you do, schedule backups regularly and store them far away from your home.

Come What May: Handling the Garden Variety Computer Crisis

F) Not all home computer damage results from physical disaster. Many less menacing problems can also hobble your PC or destroy your information. Systems crash, kids “rearrange” data, adults inadvertently delete files. Although these events might not seem calamitous, they can have serious implications. So, once again, it"s important to be prepared. As with physical disasters, regular backups are essential. However, some of these smaller issues require a response that"s more nuanced than wholesale backup and restoration. To deal with less-than-total disaster, your tool set must be both powerful and agile. For example, when a small number of files are compromised, you may want to retrieve those files alone. Meanwhile, if just your settings are affected, you"ll want a simple way to roll back to your preferred setup. Yet, should your operating system fail, you"ll need a way to boot your computer and perform large-scale recovery. Computer crises come in all shapes and sizes, and your backup and recovery tools must be flexible enough to meet each challenge.

The Right Tools for the Right Job: Gearing up for Disaster

G) When disaster strikes, the quality of your backup tools can make the difference between utter frustration and peace of mind. Symantec understands this and offers a range of top quality backup and recovery solutions. Norton GoBack is the perfect tool for random system crashes, failed installations, and inadvertent deletions. With this powerful and convenient solution, it"s simple to retrieve overwritten files or to bring your system back to its pre-crash state. Norton Ghost is a time-tested home office solution. Equipped to handle full-scale backups, it"s also handy for cloning hard drives and facilitating system upgrades. A favorite choice for IT professionals, it"s the ideal tool for the burgeoning home office. You can buy Norton Ghost and Norton GoBack separately, or get them both when you purchase Norton System Works.

H) Life"s disasters, large and small, often catch us by surprise. However, with a little planning and the right tools, you can reduce those disasters to bumps in the road. So, don"t wait another day. Buy a good set of disaster recovery tools, set up an automatic backup schedule, and perform a dry run every now and again. Then, rest easy.


1. You should take steps to recover from computer disasters so as to minimize their effects.

2. For some reason, computer disaster recovery is always ignored by many of us.

3. You can bounce back quickly and easily minor computer disasters with the help of a good offsite storage plan and the right tools.

4. The most devastating causes of personal computer destruction includes house fires and floods.

5. It"s necessary for us to back up our systems to some transferable medium and to put it somewhere else.

6. You should find a distant place to store your backups after selecting your tools and a suitable medium.

7. Not only physical disaster can damage your computer.

8. The backup and recovery tools must be flexible enough to deal with various computer crises.

9. The quality of your backup tools determines whether you are frustrated or have a peaceful mind when disaster strikes.

10. You should prepare for your computer disasters now and again.


1. A 根据题干中的信息词recover from computer disasters定位到本文的第一段。

2. B 根据题干中的信息词computer disaster recovery和many of us定位到本文的第二段第11句话,computer disaster recovery is a blind spot for many of us。

3. B 根据题干中的信息词offsite storage plan and the right tools定位到本文的第二段倒数第二句话。

4. C 根据题干中的信息词most devastating causes定位到第一个小标题下第一段的第一句话可知原文提到了家庭火灾和水灾是个人电脑危机的最具毁灭性的根源。

5. C 根据题干中的信息词back up our system及medium定位到第一个小标题下第一段的最后一句话。

6. E 根据题干中的信息词find a remote place to store your backups定位到第一个小标题下第三段的第一句话。

7. F 根据题干中的信息词physical disaster定位到第二个小标题下的前两句话。

8. F 根据题干中的信息词backup and recovery tools及computer crises定位到第二个小标题下的最后一句话。

9. G 根据题干中的信息词The quality of your backup tools和frustrated定位到第三个小标题下第一段的第一句话。

10. H 根据题干中的信息词prepare for your computer,总结文章最后一段大意即可找到答案。

第四篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

part ⅰ listening comprehension (20 minutes)

section a

directions:in this section,you will hear 10 short conversations. at the end of each conversation,a question will be asked about what was said. both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. after each question there will be a pause. during the pause,you must read the four choices marked a),b),c)and d),and decide which is the best answer. then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the centre.


you will read: a) at the office. b) in the waiting room.

c) at the airport. d) in a restaurant.

from the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. this conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. therefore,a)“at the office” is the best answer. you should choose a) on the answer sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

sample answer [a][b][c][d]

1. a) the fourth floor. b) the fifth floor. c) the sixth floor. d) the seventh floor.

2. a) john bought a cheap computer. b) john bought morris a computer.

c) morris bought a computer from john. d) morris bought a new computer.

3. a) recognize jane first. b) tell the woman why.

c) go on a diet. d) feel at ease.

4. a) the white one. b) the brick one.

c) the prettier one. d) the better one.

5. a) the summer this year is terribly hot. b) last summer was even hotter.

c) hot weather helps lose weight. d) light was stronger this morning.

6. a) no one on the bus was injured.

b) everyone on the bus was injured.

c) only one student on the bus was injured.

d) more than one student on the bus was injured.

7. a) drawing some money. b) opening a deposit account.

c) saving much money. d) putting money in the bank.

8. a) they have too little patience. b) they are not strict with students.

c) they are very hard on students. d) they are more hardworking than before.

9. a) the woman is very worried. b) the man doesn’t like thinking.

c) the man has done something wrong. d) the woman can do nothing for the man.

10. a) because the waist was a bit too tight.

b) because there wasn’t any of her size.

c) because she didn’t look good in the dress.

d) because the style was not what she liked.

section b compound dictation

注意:听力理解的b节(section b)为复合式听写(compound dictation),题目在试卷二上。


a supermarket club card is a new way for people to save money on items they buy. people used to cut out coupons (赠券)to(s1) save money. now they use a card that looks like a(s2)credit card when they pay for items. only people with cards can get the(s3)lower price.

to get a card, people must give out their name, address, and other(s4)personal information. everything club card-users buy is (s5)stored on a computer in a file with their name on it. in the coupon days, no one kept (s6)track of the things people bought. now, computers allow huge(s7)amounts of information to be saved.

in order to save money with the cards, people could lose privacy. so far, the information, or data, is private. but that could change. there are many companies who might be interested in knowing what people buy. for instance, (s8)an insurance company might want to know if their clients buy healthy food, or if people buy a lot of medicine from the store.

a california senator, debra bowen, wants to make sure there are laws to protect data kept on computers. she says,“(s9)the laws that govern privacy really haven’t caught up with technology. ”

stores that use club cards have promised to keep the information private. (s10)some people are afraid the stores might change their minds if companies offered enough money. some people say the information is worth as much as treasure.

part ⅱ reading comprehension(35 minutes)

directions: there are 4 passages in this part. each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. for each of them there are four choices marked a),b),c)and d). you should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the centre.

passage one

questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

the predictability of our mortality rates is something that has long puzzled social scientists. after all, there is no natural reason why 2,500 people should accidentally shoot themselves each year or why 7,000 should drown or 55,000 die in their cars. no one establishes a quota for each type of death. it just happens that they follow a consistent pattern year after year.

a few years ago a canadian psychologist named gerald wilde became interested in this phenomenon. he noticed that mortality rates for violent and accidental deaths throughout the western world have remained oddly static throughout the whole of the century, despite all the technological advances and increases in safety standards that have happened in that time. wilde developed an intriguing theory called “risk homeostasis”. according to this theory, people instinctively live with a certain level of risk. when something is made safer, people will get around the measure in some way to reassert the original level of danger. if, for instance, they are required to wear seat belts, they will feel safer and thus will drive a little faster and a little more recklessly, thereby statistically canceling out the benefits that the seat belt confers. other studies have shown that where an intersection is made safer, the accident rate invariably falls there but rises to a compensating level elsewhere along the same stretch of road. it appears, then, that we have an innate need for danger.

in all events, it is becoming clearer and clearer to scientists that the factors influencing our lifespan are far more subtle and complex than had been previously thought. it now appears that if you wish to live a long life, it isn’t simply a matter of adhering to certain precautions … eating the right foods, not smoking, driving with care. you must also have the right attitude. scientists at the duke university medical center made a 15-year study of 500 persons personalities and found, somewhat to their surprise, that people with a suspicious or mistrustful nature die prematurely far more often than people with a sunny disposition. looking on the bright side, it seems, can add years to your life span.

11. what social scientists have long felt puzzled about is why .

a) the mortality rate can not be predicted

b) the death toll remained stable year after year

c) a quota for each type of death has not come into being

d) people lost their lives every year for this or that reason

12. in his research, gerald wilde finds that technological advances and increases in safety standards .

a) have helped solve the problem of so high death rate

b) have oddly accounted for mortality rates in the past century

c) have reduced mortality rates for violent and accidental deaths

d) have achieved no effect in bringing down the number of deaths

13. according to the theory of “risk homeostasis”, some traffic accidents result from .

a) our innate desire for risk

b) our fast and reckless driving

c) our ignorance of seat belt benefits

d) our instinctive interest in speeding

14. by saying “…statistically canceling out the benefits that the seat belt confers” (para. 2),the author means .

a) wearing seat belts does not have any benefits from the statistic point of view

b) deaths from wearing seat belts are the same as those from not wearing them

c) deaths from other reasons counterbalance the benefits of wearing seat belts

d) wearing seat belts does not necessarily reduce deaths from traffic accidents

15. which of the following may contribute to a longer life span?

a) showing adequate trust instead of suspicion of others

b) eating the food low in fat and driving with great care

c) cultivating an optimistic personality and never losing heart

d) looking on the bright side and developing a balanced level of risk

passage two

questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

in california the regulators, the utilities and the governor all want the federal energy regulatory commission to cap spot (现货的) market prices. the californians claim it will rein in outrageous prices. federal regulators have refused. the battle is on.

governor gray davis says,“i’m not happy with the federal regulatory commission at all. they’re living in an ivory tower. if their bills were going up like the people in san diego, they would know that this is a real problem in the real world.”

as part of deregulation, price caps were removed to allow for a free market. timing is everything; natural gas prices had already skyrocketed. demand was high from california’s booming economy. no new power plants had been built here in ten years, and power producers had the right to hike prices along with demand. and hike them they did.

loretta lynch of the public utilities commission says,” this commission and all of california was beating down the door of federal regulators to say‘help us impose reasonable price caps to help to keep our market stable.”

federal regulators did ask for longer-term contracts between power producers and the utilities to stabilize prices. the federal commission, unavailable for comment on this story, released a recent statement defending its position not to re-regulate.

federal energy regulatory commission dec. 15,: “the commissions intention is to enable the markets to catch up to current supply and demand problems and not to reintroduce command and control regulation that has helped to produce the current crisis.”

some energy experts believe that, without temporary price caps, the crisis will continue.

severin borenstein of the u.c. energy institute says,“some federal regulators have a blind commitment to making the market work and i think part of the problem is they really dont understand whats going on.”

gary ackerman of the western power trading forum says,“he’s dead wrong about that. the federal regulators understand far better than any individual state that, though it might be painful and it certainly is painful in california, price caps don’t work. they never work.”

16. the battle between californians and federal regulators is about .

a) control over the price of power

b) necessity of removing price caps

c) hiking the energy prices in california

d) a regulation concerning power supply

17. governor gray davis was dissatisfied with the federal regulatory commission because .

a) they did not know what the real problem was

b) they were living an easy life in an ivory tower

c) they could not experience the life in san diego

d) they turned a blind eye to the situation in california

18. the federal commission uncapped the energy price with the intention to .

a) help california’s economy booming steadily

b) prevent power price from going up any further

c) enable the market to deal with supply and demand problems

d) have contracts signed between power producers and the utilities

19. to help keep prices from going higher, people and groups in california .

a) imposed reasonable price caps

b) beat down the door of federal regulators

c) urged the federal authorities to take action

d) struggled against federal policy to hike prices

20. energy experts against price caps believe that .

a) the present situation in california will continue unless there is price control

b) the current crisis is partly attributed to previous command and control policy

c) price caps can temporarily solve energy problems an individual state meets with

d) they do understand what is going on in california and will take proper measures

passage three

questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

another cultural aspect of nonverbal communication is one that you might not think about: space. every person perceives himself to have a sort of invisible shield surrounding his physical body. when someone comes too close, he feels uncomfortable. when he bumps onto someone, he feels obligated to apologize. but the size of a person’s “comfort zone” depends on his cultural ethnic origin. for example, in casual conversation, many americans stand about four feet apart. in other words, they like to keep each other “at arms length”,people in latin or arab cultures, in contrast, stand very close to each other, and touch each other often. if someone from one of those cultures stands too close to an american while in conversation, the american may feel uncomfortable and back away.

when americans are talking, they expect others to respond to what they are saying. to americans, polite conversationalists empathize by displaying expressions of excitement or disgust, shock or sadness. people with a “poker face”, whose emotions are hidden by a deadpan expression, are looked upon with suspicion. americans also indicate their attentiveness in a conversation by raising their eyebrows, nodding, smiling politely and maintaining good eye contact. whereas some cultures view direct eye contact as impolite or threatening, americans see it as a sign of genuineness and honesty. if a person doesn’t look you in the eye, american might say, you should question his motives—or assume that he doesn’t like you. yet with all the concern for eye contact, americans still consider staring—especially at strangers—to be rude.

21. what the author discussed in the previous section is most probably about .

a) classification of nonverbal communication

b) the reasons why people should think about space

c) the relationship between communication and space

d) some other cultural aspects of nonverbal communication

22. how far people keep to each other while talking is closely associated with their .

a) origin b) culture c) custom d) nationality

23. when an italian talks to an arabian on informal occasions,.

a) he stands about four feet away

b) “comfort zone” does not exist

c) keeping close enough is preferred

d) communication barriers may emerge

24. a “poker face” (line 3,para. 2) refers to a face which is .

a) attentive b) emotional c) suspicious d) expressionless

25. in a conversation between friends, americans regard it as sincere and truthful to .

a) maintain direct eye contact

b) hide emotions with a deadpan expression

c) display excitement or disgust, shock or sadness

d) raise their eyebrows,nod and smile politely

passage four

questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

we all know that dna has the ability to identify individuals but, because it is inherited, there are also regions of the dna strand which can relate an individual to his or her family (immediate and extended), tribal group and even an entire population. molecular genealogy (宗谱学) can use this unique identification provided by the genetic markers to link people together into family trees. pedigrees (家谱) based on such genetic markers can mean a breakthrough for family trees where information is incomplete or missing due to adoption, illegitimacy or lack of records. there are many communities and populations which have lost precious records due to tragic events such as the fire in the irish courts during civil war in 1921 or american slaves for whom many records were never kept in the first place.

the main objective of the molecular genealogy research group is to build a database containing over 100,000 dna samples from individuals all over the world. these individuals will have provided a pedigree chart of at least four generations and a small blood sample. once the database has enough samples to represent the world genetic make-up, it will eventually help in solving many issues regarding genealogies that could not be done by relying only on traditional written records. theoretically, any individual will someday be able to trace his or her family origins through this database.

in the meantime, as the database is being created, molecular genealogy can already verify possible or suspected relationships between individuals. “for example, if two men sharing the same last name believe that they are related, but no written record proves this relationship, we can verify this possibility by collecting a sample of dna from both and looking for common markers (in this case we can look primarily at the y chromosome (染色体)),” explains ugo a. perego, a member of the byu molecular genealogy research team.

26. people in a large area may possess the same dna thread because .

a) dna is characteristic of a region

b) they are beyond doubt of common ancestry

c) dna strand has the ability to identify individuals

d) their unique identification can be provided via dna

27. the possible research of family trees is based on the fact that .

a) genetics has achieved a breakthrough

b) genetic information contained in dna can be revealed now

c) each individual carries a unique record of who he is and how he is related to others

d) we can use dna to prove how distant an individual is to a family, a group or a population

28. the molecular genealogy research group is building a database for the purpose of .

a) offering assistance in working out genealogy-related problems

b) solving many issues without relying on traditional written records

c) providing a pedigree chart of at least four generations in the world

d) confirming the assumption that all individuals are of the same origin

29. if two men suspected for some reason they have a common ancestor, .

a) we can decide according to their family tree

b) we can find the truth from their genetic markers

c) we can compare the differences in their y chromosome

d) we can look for written records to prove their relationship

30. which of the following cannot be inferred from the passage?

a) we are a walking,living,breathing record of our ancestors

b) many american slaves did not know who their ancestors were.

c) an adopted child generally lacks enough information to prove his identity.

d) molecular genealogy can be used to prove a relationship between individuals.

part ⅲvocabulary(20 minutes)

directions: there are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. for each sentence there are four choices marked a),b),c)and d). choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the centre.

31. wto is regarded by some countries as an access to foreign markets rather than as a for opening up the home market.

a) commerce b) committee c) commitment d) commission

32. we should recognize that every company and every person is part of a long of customers and suppliers.

a) pool b) line c) stream d) chain

33. today the small town is better against flood than it was 20 years ago.

a) protected b) prevented c) preserved d) prepared

34. did you mean i should keep the receipt? im afraid i have .

a) run it over b) torn it up c) taken it apart d) shaken it off

35. unlike photocopies of books, the digital copies are virtually in quality to the original.

a) similar b) identical c) resembling d) alike

36. the price of fresh vegetables according to the weather.

a) fluctuates b) increases c) soars d) maintains

37. your proposal looks good ,but i am not convinced it can be put into effect.

a) on paper b) at sight c) under cover d) in bulk

38. the government that refuses to meet the needs of its people must bear the .

a) results b) outcomes c) effects d) consequences

39. the elderly people in this country are entitled to a special heating allowance from the government when they pass the age of sixty.

a) claim b) declare c) inquire d) apply

40. the snow has been steadily for hours and the ground is completely covered.

a) showering b) dropping c) descending d) falling

41. the hostess went to great to make the child comfortable and feel at home.

a) efforts b) lengths c) heights d) details

42. you said the post office is on this block, can you be a bit more ?

a) particular b) specific c) abstract d) especial

43. his composition was so confusing that i could hardly make any of it whatsoever.

a) meaning b) message c) information d) sense

44. i am afraid that you have to alter your views in light of the tragic news that has just arrived.

a) optimistic b) distressing c) indifferent d) pessimistic

45. as the saying goes, reading without reflecting is like eating without .

a) chewing b) tasting c) digesting d) releasing

46. all of us did quite a good job but the teacher only him out for praise.

a) yelled b) singled c) selected d) pulled

47. without a sure supply of water, farming in that area remains at the of the weather.

a) disposal b) risk c) cost d) mercy

48. industrial communities should be close enough to crowded centers but enough to reduce potential dangers.

a) advanced b) reliable c) distant d) sophisticated

49. she had a guilty about not telling the police what had actually happened.

a) consciousness b) conscience c) consequence d) confusion

50. there is a beautiful of pine forest near my country house.

a) extension b) length c) spell d) stretch

51. we’ve all our time and effort in this plan, and we don’t want it to fail.

a) invested b) exhausted c) devoted d) assigned

52. the workers demands were,they only asked for a small raise in their wages.

a) general b) moderate c) partial d) numerous

53. you should know to spend all your money on those impractical fancy goods.

a) other than b) rather than c) more than d) better than

54. everybody seemed to have known about his scandal, only his wife was kept in the .

a) dark b) ignorance c) shade d) shadow

55. all students in the class a loud laugh when the professor told them a joke.

a) let up b) let down c) let off d) let out

56. it can be safely that there is no living beings on that planet.

a) resumed b) assessed c) assumed d) assured

57. there are certain when you have to interrupt people who are in the middle of doing something.

a) chances b) situations c) occasions d) opportunities

58. mother into the room and kissed her sleeping baby.

a) crept b) staggered c) rushed d) marched

59. the building started with a steel which was later filled in with bricks and concrete.

a) institution b) terminal c) sightseeing d) framework

60. this book does not have an structure. some parts are even contradictory .

a) integrated b) informed c) intensive d) inward

part ⅳcloze(15 minutes)

directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage. for each blank there are four choices marked a),b),c)and d)on the right side of the paper. you should choose the one that best fits into the passage. then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the centre.

a food bank is the center of food collection and distribution in a community. this food usually 61 from grocery stores or manufacturers that have thousands of pounds of food to give 62 . food banks operate intricate and advanced warehousing operations, 63 food is collected, 64 and re-distributed to the community. traditionally, a food bank does not distribute food 65 to those in 66 . 67 ,food banks serve an 68 network of organizations in their 69 communities. these organizations serve one part of the 70 and know the needs of the people there. 71 ,working together, the food bank and the community organization can serve a greater 72 of people in the most efficient way.

many food banks provide 73 services. they 74 from after school feeding programs, 75 kids cafe,to community agriculture projects.

in the aftermath (其后的一段时期) of welfare reform, food banks throughout the country are raising private 76 to operate innovative programs and to 77 those who are hungry. every food bank strives to be a hunger advocate,producing 78 studies and tracking statistics, while lending their hands-on expertise to get legislation passed and ensuring that the 79 of domestic hunger is not lost in the shadow of an “ 80 boom”.

61. a) results b) collects c) comes d) gathers

62. a) away b) out c) over d) off

63. a) which b) where c) what d) how

64. a) accepted b) offered c) processed d) sorted

65. a) instantly b) directly c) voluntarily d) readily

66. a) need b) haste c) debt d) order

67. a) however b) otherwise c) instead d) certainly

68. a) abnormal b) optional c) imaginary d) extensive

69. a) individual b) respective c) special d) widespread

70. a) organization b) bank c) operation d) community

71. a) therefore b) nevertheless c) still d) conversely

72. a) amount b) deal c) number d) quantity

73. a) regular b) other c) daily d) depositing

74. a) change b) alter c) differ d) range

75. a) including b) providing c) managing d) distributing

76. a) demands b) properties c) funds d) plans

77. a) shelter b) feed c) clothe d) finance

78. a) poverty b) welfare c) hunger d) food

79. a) issue b) policy c) reform d) project

80. a) economical b) economics c) economy d) economic

part ⅴwriting(30 minutes)

directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter applying for a bank loan. you should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in chinese.

1. 你的基本情况

2. 你申请贷款的原因、数额及用途

3. 你如何保证专款专用以及你的还款打算

第五篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题


Model Test 1

Part One Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said - Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a line through the centre.

Example: You will hear:

You will read:

A) At the office.

B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport.

D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) At the office is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

1. A) She is not interested in the article.

B) She has given the man much trouble.

C) She would like to have a copy of the article.

D) She doesn"t want to take the trouble to read the article.

2. A) He saw the big tower he visited on TV~

B) He has visited the TV tower twice.

C) He has visited the TV tower once.

D) He will visit the TV tower in June.

3. A) The woman has trouble getting along with the professor.

B) The woman regrets having taken up much of the professor"s time.

C) The woman knows the professor has been busy.

D) The woman knows the professor has run into trouble.

4. A) He doesn"t enjoy business trips as much as he used to.

B) He doesn"t think he is capable of doing the job.

C) He thinks the pay is too low to support his family,

D) He wants to spend more time with his family.

5. A) The man thought the essay was easy.

B) They both had a hard time writing the essay.

C) The woman thought the essay was easy.

D) Neither of them has finished the assignment yet.

6. A) In the park. B) Between two buildings

C) In his apartment. D) Under a huge tree.

7. A) It"s awfully dull. B) It"s really exciting.

C) it"s very exhausting. D) It"s quite challenging.

8. A) movie. B) A lecture. C) A play. D) A speech.

9. A) The weather is mild compared to the past years.

B) They are having the coldest winter ever.

C) The weather will soon get warmer.

D) The weather may get even colder.

10. A) The mystery story.

B) The hiring of a shop assistant.

C) The search for a reliable witness target=_blank class=infotextkey>witness.

D) An unsolved case of robbery.

Section B

Passage One

Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) They want to change the way English is taught.

B) They learn English to find well-paid jobs.

C) They want to have an up-to-date knowledge of English.

D) They know clearly what they want to learn.

12. A ) Professionals. B) College students.

C) Beginners D) Intermediate earners.

13. A) Courses for doctors. B) Courses for businessmen.

C) Courses for reporters. D) Courses for lawyers.

14. A) Three groups of learners. B) The importance of business English.

C) English for Specific Purposes. D) Features of English for different papacies.

Passage Two

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. A) To show off their wealth.

B) To feel good.

C) To regain their memory.

D) To be different from others.

16. A) To help solve their psychological problems.

B) To play games with them.

C) To send sham to the hospital.

D) To make them aware of its harmfulness.

17. A) They need care and affection.

B) They are fond of round-the-world trips.

C) They are mostly from broken families.

D) They are likely to commit crimes.

Passage Three

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. A) Because it was too heavy.

B) Because it did not bend easily.

C) Because it did not shoot far.

D) Because its string was short.

19. A) It went out of use 300 years ago

B) h was invented alter the short how.

C) It was discovered before fire and the wheel.

D) It"s still in use today.

20. A) They are accurate and easy to pull.

B) Their shooting range is 40 yards.

C) They are usually used indoors.

D) They took 100 years to develop.

第六篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Passage 4

In only two decades Asian-American have become the fastest-growing US minority. As their children began moving up through the nation"s schools, it became clear that a new class of academic achievers was emerging. Their achievements are reflected in the nation"s best universities, where mathematics, science and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. (This special liking for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian-American students who began their education abroad arrived in the U.S. with a solid grounding in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English.) They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more immediate in something like engineering than with an arts degree.

Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of parents who are determined that their children take full advantage of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that breeds success, such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education.

Both explanations for academic success worry Asian-Americans because of fears that they feed a typical racial image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were laid down giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.

16. While making tremendous achievements at college, Asian-American students .

A. feel they are mistreated because of limited knowledge of English.

B. are afraid that their academic successes bear a strong Asian character

C. still worry about unfair treatment in society

D. generally feel it a shame to have to depend on their parents

17. What are the major factors that determine the success of Asian-Americans?

A. A solid foundation in basic mathematics and Asian culture.

B. Hard work and intelligence.

C. Hard help and a limited knowledge of English.

D. Asian culture and the American educational system.

18. Few Asian-American students major in human sciences mainly because .

A. their English is not good enough.

B. they are afraid they might meet with unfair judgment in these areas

C. there is a wide difference between Asian and Western cultures

D. they know little about American culture and society

19. Why do the two “explanations“ (Para. 3, Line 1) worry Asian-Americans?

A. They are afraid that they would again be isolated from American society in general.

B. People would think that Asian students rely on their parents for success.

C. Asian-Americans would be a threat to other minorities.

D. American academic achievements have taken on too strong at Asian character.

20. The author"s tone in this passage is .

A. sympathetic

B. doubtful

C. critical

D. objective

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A., B., C. and D.. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

21. When he applied for a in the office of the local newspaper, he was told to see the manager.

A. location

B. profession

C. career

D. position

22. The mere fact most people believe nuclear war would be madness does not mean that it will not occur.

A. that

B. what

C. which

D. why

23. The author of the book that women can live longer than men.

A. said

B. is saying

C. says

D. saying

24. Because of the strike, British Rail has been forced to all trains to London.

A. cancel

B. abandon

C. postpone

D. recall

25. It around 9 o"clock when I drove back home because it was already dark.

A. had to be

B. was to be

C. must have been

D. must be

26. The survival of some wild animals is not very high as they are ruthlessly hunted for their skins.

A. rate

B. degree

C. ration

D. scale

27. Why do you object to the direction?

A. following

B. follow

C. have followed

D. having been followed

28. to the doctor right away, he might have been alive today.

A. If he went

B. Had he gone

C. Were he gone

D. Should he have gone

29. is the richest man in this town?

A. Whom do you think

B. Who do you think

C. Do you think who

D. Who you think

30. A good newspaper publishes both and foreign news.

A. diplomatic

B. democratic

C. domestic

D. dramatic

31. My brother changed his major at college several times and he never any one very long.

A. stuck to

B. kept back

C. let alone

D. made way

32. It isn"t cold enough for there a frost tonight, so I can leave my car outside safely.

A. would be

B. being

C. was

D. to be

33. More than one dismissed.

A. have been

B. has been

C. are

D. has

34. The first, second and the third prize went to Kate, Bob and George .

A. differently

B. partially

C. respectively

D. equally

第七篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Polyester (聚酯 ) is now being used for bottles. ICI, the chemicals and plastics company, believes that it is now beginning to break the grip of glass on the bottle business and thus take advantage of this huge market.

All the plastics manufacturers have been experiencing hard times as their traditional products have been doing badly world-wide for the last few years. Between 1982 and 1984 the Plastics Division of ICI had lost a hundred and twenty million dollars, and they felt that the. most hopeful new market was in packaging, bottles and cans.

Since 1982 it has opened three new factories producing ”Melinar\", the raw material from which high quality polyester bottles are made.

The polyester bottle was born in the 1970s, when soft drinks companies like Coca Cola started selling their drinks in giant two-liter containers. Because of the build-up of the pressure of gas in these large containers, glass was unsuitable. Nor was PVC, the plastic which had been used for bottles since the 1960s, suitable for drinks with gas in them. A new plastic had to be made.

Glass is still cheaper for the smaller bottles, and will continue to be so unless oil and plastic become much cheaper, but plastic does well for the larger sizes.

Polyester bottles are virtually unbreakable. The manufacturers claim they are also lighter, less noisy when being handled, and can be reused. Shopkeepers and other business people are unlikely to object to a change from glass to polyester, since these bottles mean few breakages, which are costly and time-consuming. The public, though, have been more difficult to persuade. ICI"s commercial department is developing different bottles with interesting shapes, to try and make them visually more attractive to the public.

The next step could be to develop a plastic which could replace tins for food. The problem here is the high temperatures necessary for cooking the food in the container.

1. Plastics of various kinds have been used for making bottles__________.

A. since 1982

B. since the 1970s but only for large bottles

C. since the 1960s but not for liquids with gas in them

D. since companies like Coca Cola first tried them

2. Why is ICI"s Plastics Division interested in polyester for bottles?

A. The other things they make are not selling well.

B. Glass manufacturers cannot make enough new bottles.

C. They have factories which could be adapted to make it.

D. The price of oil keeps changing.

3. Why aren"t all bottles now made of polyester?

A. The price of oil and plastic has risen.

B. It is not suitable for containing gassy drinks.

C. The public like traditional glass bottles.

D. Shop-keepers dislike reusable bottles.

4. Manufacturers think polyester bottles are better than glass bottles because they

A. are cheaper B. are more suited to small sizes

C. are more exciting to look at D. do not break easily

5. Plastic containers for holding food in the same way as cans______.

A. have been used for many years

B. are an idea that interests the plastics companies

C. are possible, but only for hot food

D. are the first things being made in the new factories













第八篇: 6月大学英语四级模拟试题

Part I Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Overseas Study at an Early Age. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:

1. 目前很多父母在子女高中毕业前就送他们出国学习

2. 形成这种趋势的原因

3. 我对些的看法

Oversea Study at an Early Age

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer sheet1.

The Sky"s Limit

Air travel is a rapidly growing source of greenhouse gases. But it is also an indispensable way of travel. The new A380 The double-decker A380, the biggest airliner the world has seen, landed at Heathrow last month to test whether London"s main airport could handle the new 550-seater, due to enter commercial service at the end of this year. It was a proud moment for Britain"s Rolls-Royce, the makers of the aircraft"s Trent 900 engines. Rolls-Royce says the four Trents on the A380 are as clean and efficient as any jet engine, and produce “as much power as 3,500 family cars”. A simple calculation shows that the equivalent of more than six cars is needed to fly each passenger.

Take the calculation further: flying a fully laden A380 is, in terms of energy, like a 14km (nine-mile) queue of traffic on the road below. And that is just one aircraft. In 20 years, Airbus reckons, 1,500 such planes will be in the air. By then, the total number of airliners is expected to have doubled, to 22,000. The huge airplane alone would be pumping out carbon dioxide (CO2) at the same rate as 5 million cars.

That may not seem much compared with the 60 million vehicles that pour off assembly lines every year―or the 1 billion vehicles already on the world"s roads. But whereas cars are used roughly for about an hour or so a day, jet airliners are on the move for at least 10 hours a day. And they burn tax-free, highoctane (1) 高能量的) fuel, which dumps hundreds of millions of tonnes of CO2 into the most sensitive part of the atmosphere.

Aviation is a relatively small source of the emissions blamed for global warming, but its share is growing the fastest. The evidence is strong. As a result, aviation is increasingly attracting the attention of environmentalists and politicians. Amid much controversy, CO2caps (最高限制) and carbon-trading could soon be used to help curb aircraft emissions.

Frequent flyers, free riders

Airlines are accused of having a free ride in terms of air pollution because they pay no tax on the fuel they use for international flights. Even though today"s aircraft are about 70% more efficient than those of 40 years ago, concerns over emissions have grown. Despite booming demand for air travel, many airlines are losing money. Now green campaigners want people to think twice before they fly. The opposing voice is particularly loud in Europe, where low-cost carriers are expanding fast on busy shorthaul (2) 短距离) routes. The European Parliament will vote in July on a proposal to limit aircraft emissions.

America is deeply unhappy at the prospect of its airlines being affected. Sharon Pinkerton, a senior representative of the Federal Aviation Administration insisted, on a visit to Brussels last year, that American carriers should be exempted from the scheme. This sets the scene for another transatlantic aviation dispute, to add to the two bitter and long-running disputes over subsidies to Europe"s Airbus and the liberalisation of air traffic between the two continents.

The airlines are growing nervous. The big international carriers represented by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) would rather Europe waited for the deliberations of a United Nations body, the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), which has set technical, legal and safety rules for more than 50 years. International aviation was excluded from the Kyoto protocol on global warming, but only on condition that, by theend of , countries and airlines worked under the umbrella of ICAO to come up with a way of reducing emissions through a trading scheme.

Soon after the end of the Second World War the member governments of ICAO agreed that airlines should be free of fuel taxes. Some say this was to outlaw unilateral taxes that could distort markets, but others reckon it was done to boost the fledgling airline industry emerging from the fighting. The corollary was that aviation, unlike motor traffic and other forms of transport, would pay in a transparent manner for the infrastructure and services it required-air-traffic management, landing charges, flyover rights and so on. That was supposed to take care of the external costs. But no one in those days thought much about the environment. Counting the cost It was not until that the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) attempted to reduce the effect of aviation on the environment. Transport as a whole was judged to be responsible for about a quarter of the world"s CO2 discharges. That makes it one of the biggest sources, alongside power generation and households, as a source of the gas. Within transport, aviation accounts for about 13%. Its contribution to total man-made emissions worldwide is said to be around 3%. So why all the fuss about so little? One reason is that high-altitude emissions are probably disproportionately damaging to the environment. The nitrogen oxides from jet-engine exhausts lead to the formation of ozone, another greenhouse gas. Contrails (飞行云) are also suspected of enhancing the formation of cirrus clouds, which some scientists think adds to the global warming effect. The IPCC estimated that the overall impact on global warming of aircraft could be between two and four times that of their CO2 emissions alone, though there is no scientific consensus about the size of this multiplier.

Naturally, the airlines choose to measure the greenhouse gases they produce in the way that casts them in the best light ― a trick they deploy on safety statistics, too. For instance, over half of aircraft accidents occur around take-off and landing. So accidents per passenger-mile compare very favourably with other means of transport. But at least one study has shown that, if accidents are measured per journey instead, aircraft are the second-most dangerous way of travelling, after motorcycles.

Likewise on greenhouse gases. IATA says an aircraft"s fuel consumption is about the same as that of a family car, at 3.5 litres per 100 passenger-kilometres. So CO2 emissions are similar. But that is true only if the aircraft is full and the car"s passenger seats are empty. And even then, a jumbo jet flying from London to Sydney would be like nearly 400 Volkswagen Polos each travelling just over 16,000km―the average distance a European drives in a year. In other words, although cars and aircraft discharge roughly the same amount of CO2for each passenger-kilometre, the aircraft travel an awful lot farther. Waiting to land

Crowded airports compound the problem. Busy runways at places such as Heathrow mean aeroplanes have to circle wastefully. The possibility of being held up ensures that pilots carry extra fuel, thereby increasing the aircraft"s weight and, hence, its consumption of fuel. Other small changes could further save fuel and avoid carbon emissions: aircraft could be towed everywhere on the ground by electric vehicles. Consumers, too, can take a stand by voluntarily offsetting the carbon emissions associated with flying by paying, for instance, to have trees planted.

This week IATA said the net loss of the world"s airlines in the past six years would amount to almost $44 billion. Carriers have been hit by terrorism, war, recession, the respiratory disease SAILS and soaring oil prices. There were hopes the industry could make a small profit in 2007, but having to pay for environmental costs could change that. Yet global warming is not something that airlines, or any other industry, can shake off for ever. Sooner or later, aviation will have to shoulder the burden it imposes on the planet.

1. This passage is mainly about how the development of airline industry has affected the environment through its greenhouse gases emission.

2. It is predicted that in 20 years, the huge airplanes alone would be pumping out carbon dioxide at the same rate as 5 million cars.

3. The author compares the effect of airliners on the environment and that of the cars and concluded that the effect ofthe former is less because the number of airplanes is much smaller than that of the cars.

4. In the past, aviation industry was the smallest source of greenhouse gases emission and thus did not attract people"s attention.

5. Many airlines are having less profit today although there are more demand for air travel. 6. America is proposing an alternative plan to solve the problem of emission from airliners.

7. The airlines are mom and more nervous, and they want the problem be considered by IATA, a United Nations body.

8. ______as a whole was judged to be responsible for about a quarter of the world"s carbon dioxide discharges.

9. Although aviation accounts for only 3% of the total man-made emission, its______ are believed to be disproportionately damaging to the environment.

10. During the past six years, airline industry has been hit by terrorism, war, ______which made the industry suffer a total loss of $44 billion.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. The American Revolution was not a revolution in the sense of a radical or total change. It was not a sudden and (47) overturning of the political and social framework, such as later occurred in France and Russia, (48) both were already independent nations. Significant changes were ushered in, (49) they were not breathtaking. What happened was accelerated (50) rather than outright revolution. During the conflict, people went on working and praying, marrying and playing. Most of them were not (51) disturbed by the actual fighting, and many of the more isolated communities scarcely knew that a war was on.

America"s War of Independence heralded the birth of three modem nations. One was Canada, which (52) its first large influx of English-speaking population from the thousands of loyalists who fled there from the United States; (53) was Australia, which became a penal colony now that America was no longer (54) for prisoners and debtors; the third newcomer―the United States ― based itself squarely on republican principles.

Yet even the political overturn was not so (55) as one might suppose. In some states, notably Connecticut and Rhode Island, the war largely ratified a colonial self-rule already existing. British officials, everywhere ousted, were (56) by a home-grown governing class, which promptly sought a local substitute for king and parliament.

A) violent

B) seriously

C) revolutionary

D) evolution

E) another

F) and

G) replaced

H) repelled

I) other

J) received

K) but

L) severe

M) available

N) when

O) revolution

Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A]、[B]、[C] and [D]. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

A study of facts and figures on development demonstrates that China has made remarkable social progress in a range of significant areas in the last 45 years.

China feeds and clothes 22 percent of the world"s population with only seven percent of the world"s farmland. The necessities of life food, clothing, goods for everyday use ― are now within reach of the majority of the Chinese people. Nutrition has improved greatly for both urban and rural residents.

The Chinese government has taken a series of measures to eliminate or reduce poverty, bringing down the number of poor in the rural population from 250 million in 1978 to only 80 million in 1994, even though this was a period in which China"s population increased by over 100 million.

The per capita living area in cities and towns increased from 3.6 square meters in 1978 to 7.5 square meters in 1993. In rural areas the per capita housing has reached 20.8 square meters.

Educational developments have liberated millions of Chinese people from ignorance and illiteracy. In 1986 China instituted nine years of compulsory schooling, with the result that by 1993 school enrolment had reached 97.7 percent. Today, illiteracy among young and middle-aged people has dropped to only seven percent.

The state is taking measures to keep its labor force fully employed. In recent years the urban unemployment rate has remained between two and three percent. China has put strict controls on industrial pollution in an effort to improve the overall urban environment. Ecological methods of farming are being promoted and afforestation is being speeded up. In 1993 the country"s forest coverage was 13.9 percent and 766 nature reserves covered a total of 661, 800 square kilometers.

China is working toward the goal of health care for everyone by the year . In 1993 there were two hospital beds for every 833 people and two doctors for every 1,266 people. By now the immunization of children has reached 85 percent, and increased efforts are being made to monitor and control AIDS and venereal diseases.

57. What is an appropriate title for this passage?

[A] Fast Economic Development in China. [B] Social Development in China.

[C] The Current Chinese Society. [D] People"s View on China"s Reform.

58. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

[A] Chinese people account for 22 percent of the world"s total population.

[B] The arable land in China constitutes seven percent of that of the world.

[C] Most Chinese people now can easily buy the necessities of life.

[D] Urban residents can eat nutritiously, but rural residents cannot.

59. What is mentioned as a difficulty of poverty elimination efforts by the passage?

[A] Slow economic development. [B] Vast area of land.

[C] Huge population increase. [D] Natural disaster.

60. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

[A] Educational developments have set millions of Chinese people free.

[B] After 1986, every child in China must receive an education of at least nine years.

[C] Nowadays, only 7% of young and middle-aged people cannot read or write.

[D] There is compulsory education for children now.

61. Which of the following is mentioned as an example of achievements in health care?

[A] Increasing budget and attention. [B] Preferential tax policy and incentives.

[C] Decreasing mortality rate and medicine price. [D] Ratio of hospital beds to patient.